Pet Library

Bladder Stones in Pets

Bladder stones, commonly found in dogs and cats, cause blockage and urinary tract infections. Bladder stones that are found in pets are similar to those found in humans—they are usually composed of mineral salts from common elements such as calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, carbonates and ammonia. These stones usually form in the pet’s bladder and often vary in size and number. Unless the st[...]

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Anxiety in Dogs

When dogs become anxious, they are anticipating danger from perceived or unknown origins. The results of anxiety are those that are commonly associated with fear—urination or defecation, destruction and vocalization in the form of barking or crying. For dogs, separation anxiety is most commonly seen in companion dogs. What Are the Symptoms of Anxiety in Dogs? • Panic—these signs inclu[...]

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Pet Vaccinations: Individualized Protection for Your Pet

When it comes to pet vaccines, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all protocol. In fact, each dog or cat could require different vaccinations based upon a number of factors, including: Where kind of environment does the pet live in? Does the pet travel and, if so, where and how often? If the pet is a dog, do they go to dog parks, doggie daycare, kennels or the groomer? If the pet is a cat, do t[...]

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Blastomycosis (Fungal Infection) in Pets

What is Blastomycosis? Blastomycosis, caused by the organism Blastomyces dermatitidis, is a systematic yeast-like fungal infection. Blastomyces dermatitidis is often found in soil and decaying wood—canines that venture in environments where these properties are common are often at-risk of Blastomycosis. The Blastomyces fungus flourishes in damp and wet environments, including swamps, lake[...]

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Flea Bite Allergies in Pets

Flea allergic dermatitis and flea bite hypersensitivity are the two most common skin diseases in pets. Flea allergies can begin at any age for pets, and it is commonly believed that flea saliva is the cause of allergic reactions or sensitivity. For dogs and cats, allergies usually develop when they are young (less than one and up to five years old). The life cycle of a flea includes the adult [...]

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Addison’s Disease in Dogs

How Does Addison’s Disease Affect Dogs? Addison’s disease, or hypoadrenocorticism, is rare in canines, however when it does occur it often is seen in younger or middle-aged dogs and female dogs. It is also usually seen in Portuguese water dogs, Standard Poodles, Bearded Collies, West Highland white terriers, wheaten terriers and Rottweilers. Glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids are ho[...]

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Cushing’s Syndrome in Dogs

What is Cushing’s Syndrome and How Does it Affect Dogs? When your dog’s body creates too much of a hormone called cortisol, Cushing’s syndrome will occur. Cortisol is a chemical that helps dogs control their weight, respond to stress, fight infections and keep their blood sugar at a steady level. However, too much cortisol—or too little—can cause issues. Cushing’s syndrome—als[...]

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Dry Eye Syndrome in Dogs

What is Dry Eye Syndrome? Dry eye syndrome, or Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), occurs when there is a deficiency of aqueous tear film over the eye surface and in the lining of the lids. The result of this is extreme drying and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva. KCS is quite common in dogs, and females are suspected to be more predisposed to it than males. Severe disease may lead to i[...]

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Glaucoma in Dogs

How Does Glaucoma Affect Dogs? When there is pressure on the eye, this causes inadequate fluid drainage, which results in glaucoma. If this condition worsens, permanent damage will occur in the optic nerve, which will result in blindness. Regardless of surgical or medical treatment, approximately 40 percent of dogs who are affected by glaucoma will become blind in their infected eye within [...]

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Pancreatitis in Dogs

A dog’s pancreas helps the canine digest food and controls their blood sugar and metabolism levels. When the pancreas suddenly becomes inflamed (acute pancreatitis), this results in pain and swelling as the pancreas begins to digest itself. How is Pancreatitis in Dogs Caused, and What Are the Risk Factors? Pancreatitis in dogs can be caused by a number of factors, including: • Obesit[...]

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