Dogs and Seizures

Dogs and Seizures

Seizures are the result of abnormal brain activity, and are often accompanied by wild thrashing, convulsions, yelps, cries and excessive defecating, urination and drooling. Seizures vary in severity and are frightening to witness—they are usually a medical emergency which requires immediate veterinary care.

Seizures may signal many different underlying conditions in pets, which include:

• Brain tumors
• Certain toxins
• Epilepsy
• Trauma
• Metabolic issues (low blood sugar, low calcium levels, high-blood pressure and liver disease)

If you experience your pet having a seizure it is very important to cooperate with your veterinarian to help determine the cause.


If your pet does have a seizure, a diagnostic evaluation can include:

• Urinalysis
• Blood chemistry profile or complete blood count
• Liver function and blood pressure tests
• Cerebrospinal fluid evaluation
• CT or MRI scan
• In some cases, a consultation with a specialist may be necessary

What Are Treatment Options?

Every dog will require a slightly different treatment method depending on the severity of the seizure, underlying medical conditions and other factors. Common prescribed medications for seizure treatment are:

Phenobarbital. This helps reduce the frequency of your canine’s seizures and is generally a well-tolerated drug.

Potassium bromide. If your dog does not respond well to phenobarbital, this may be added to their treatment.

How Can I Help Manage Canine Seizures?

There are several different ways you can help manage your dog’s diagnosed seizure disorder:

• Consult your vet about seizure situations that are potentially dangerous
• Maintain a log of your dog’s seizures that includes dates, times, length and severity and share this with your veterinarian
• Always consult your doctor before changing or discontinuing medications
• Follow your veterinarian’s recommended blood work and other lab protocol
• Attach an alert tag on your pet’s collar to let people know of their disorder in case they get lost

At PAVG, we are always committed to making sure your pet stays happy and healthy. If your pet suffers from seizures, please contact us at our following locations:

Chillicothe: 309-273-1909
Dunlap: 309-439-9522
Dunlap II: 309-413-0527

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