Pet Library

Anaplasmosis and Dogs

Anaplasmosis is a bacterial disease that comes in two forms for dogs—Anaplasma phagocytophilium, which infects white blood cells, and Anaplasma platys, which infects a dog’s platelets. While anaplasma occurs in many places in Canada and the U.S., the places with the highest concentration of canine anaplasmosis are: Northeastern statesGulf statesUpper MidwestCaliforniaSouthwestern statesMid[...]

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What is Ehrlichiosis?

Canine monocytic ehrlichiosis occurs after a dog has been infected with Ehrlichia canis bacteria, which gets transmitted to dogs from the bites of brown dog ticks. These pests are especially prevalent in warmer climates, therefore ehrlichiosis is most frequently diagnose in these places. What Are the Stages and Symptoms of Ehrlichiosis? After being bitten by a tick carrying the E. canis b[...]

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Canine Bartonellosis

Caused by the gram-negative bacteria Bartonella, Bartonellosis is an emerging infectious bacterial disease in dogs which affects cats and humans as well. For humans, this infection is also known as cat scratch disease, though this doesn’t necessarily mean that it was acquired through a cat’s bite or scratch. For dogs, the Bartonella bacterium gets transmitted through fleas, sand flies, li[...]

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Dogs and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever is a common tick-borne disease that not only affects dogs, but humans too. Belonging to a class of diseases known as Rickettsia, this organism (which is responsible for Rocky Mountain spotted fever) lives parasitically in ticks and gets transmitted by bites to vertebrate hosts. What Are the Types and Symptoms of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever? German shepherds an[...]

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Hepatozoonosis (Tick-Borne Disease) in Dogs

As a tick-borne disease, Hepatozoonosis results in infection with the protozoan (one-celled organism) known as Hepatozoon americanum. This disease is commonly seen in the southeastern and southern part of the country. What Are the Symptoms and Types of Hepatozoonosis? Hepatozoonosis can affect the bones, liver, muscles, spleen, small blood vessels in the heart muscle and the intestinal tra[...]

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Babesiosis (Parasite Infection) in Dogs

Babesiosis is the diseased state caused by the single-celled parasites of the genus Babesia. Infection in a dog can occur through tick transmission, blood transfer from dog bites, transplacental transmission or blood transfusions. The most common way of transmission is through a tick bite. The incubation period averages to about two weeks, however symptoms may remain mild, resulting in some c[...]

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Canines and Tick-Borne Disease

It is not uncommon for a dog to be infected with a dangerous tick-transmitted disease. These parasites attach themselves to canines before feeding on blood, which ultimately transmits diseases directly into a dog’s system. Of the major tick-borne diseases that get transmitted, they include: Canine Ehrlichiosis. Caused by the brown dog tick, this is one of the most common and dangerous tick-b[...]

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Vaccine Reactions in Pets

After receiving a vaccine, it is normal for pets to experience certain side effects which usually start within hours after the vaccination. It’s important to note that if the below side effects last for more than a day or two, or if your pet is in visible discomfort, then you need to contact your veterinarian immediately. These side effects include: • Mild fever • Decreased appetite [...]

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Cherry Eye in Pets

A prolapsed gland of the eyelid (or, “cherry eye”) refers to a pink mass that protrudes from an animal’s eyelid. Usually, the gland development is anchored by an attachment that is made up of fibrous material. This condition occurs in both cats and dogs—however it mostly affects younger pets. How Can I Identify Cherry Eye in Pets? The most common sign of cherry eye is an oval mass t[...]

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Ear Infections in Pets

Otitis interna refers to an inflammation of a pet’s inner ear, while otitis media refers to an inflammation of a pet’s middle ear—both of these conditions are caused by bacterial infection. For dogs, long-eared breeds with excessive hair and non-erect outer ears are believed to be more susceptible to canine ear infections. These breeds include Cocker Spaniels, Labrador Retrievers and Spr[...]

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