Pet Library

Dry Eye Syndrome in Dogs

What is Dry Eye Syndrome? Dry eye syndrome, or Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), occurs when there is a deficiency of aqueous tear film over the eye surface and in the lining of the lids. The result of this is extreme drying and inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva. KCS is quite common in dogs, and females are suspected to be more predisposed to it than males. Severe disease may lead to i[...]

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Glaucoma in Dogs

How Does Glaucoma Affect Dogs? When there is pressure on the eye, this causes inadequate fluid drainage, which results in glaucoma. If this condition worsens, permanent damage will occur in the optic nerve, which will result in blindness. Regardless of surgical or medical treatment, approximately 40 percent of dogs who are affected by glaucoma will become blind in their infected eye within [...]

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Pancreatitis in Dogs

A dog’s pancreas helps the canine digest food and controls their blood sugar and metabolism levels. When the pancreas suddenly becomes inflamed (acute pancreatitis), this results in pain and swelling as the pancreas begins to digest itself. How is Pancreatitis in Dogs Caused, and What Are the Risk Factors? Pancreatitis in dogs can be caused by a number of factors, including: • Obesit[...]

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Corneal Ulcers in Pets

A corneal ulcer is a common injury that happens to dogs and cats—if your best friend is constantly squinting or pawing at their eyes, they could have a corneal ulcer. This injury is typically caused by a foreign body in the eye or by trauma, infection, abnormal eye structure and inadequate tearing. There are four layers to the cornea—the severity of this injury depends on how many differen[...]

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Hypothyroidism in Dogs

The thyroid gland is an important gland in a dog’s body, as it produces several hormones which include liothyronine (T3) and levothyroxine (T4), which are required for normal metabolism in the body. When there is lowered release and production of T3 and T4 by the thyroid gland, hypothyroidism occurs. This is often diagnosed in dogs between the ages of four and 10, while spayed and neutered d[...]

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Lyme Disease in Dogs

Even though Lyme Disease is one of the most common tick-transmitted diseases in the world, only 5–10 percent of affected dogs will have symptoms. When a canine does get Lyme disease, one of the most dominant clinical features is inflammation of the joints which causes lameness. Depression and lack of appetite may also be apparent, with more critical scenarios including kidney damage and even hea[...]

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Dogs and Liver Disease

A dog’s liver is a very important organ, as it removes toxins from their system and helps them with digestion and blood clotting. When not functioning properly, their liver can make them sick—the good thing is that liver disease can often be treated and managed. What Are the Symptoms of Liver Disease in Dogs? Liver disease symptoms in dogs can often be overlooked, as they are similar to[...]

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Pets and Hyperthyroidism

Both cats and dogs can be affected by hyperthyroidism. For cats, this occurs as a result of an overproduction of the thyroid hormone thyroxine, which increases their metabolism. Dogs on the other hand, usually get hyperthyroidism from either a result of a medication that was given to them to combat underproduction of thyroid hormones, or through a tumor of the thyroid. In normal instances, the[...]

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Dogs and Seizures

Seizures are the result of abnormal brain activity, and are often accompanied by wild thrashing, convulsions, yelps, cries and excessive defecating, urination and drooling. Seizures vary in severity and are frightening to witness—they are usually a medical emergency which requires immediate veterinary care. Seizures may signal many different underlying conditions in pets, which include: [...]

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Pets and Heart Murmurs

A heart murmur is an extra vibration (with an audible noise) that is caused by a blood flow disturbance. Usually, these are classified by a number of different characteristics, which include their timing. Types of Heart Murmurs and Other Symptoms The symptoms of heart murmurs depend on their different grades, locations and configurations. However, if a murmur is associated with structural h[...]

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